Types of UTI and How They are Treated?

Here is a quick and short anatomy class for you; the urinary system comprises the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an umbrella term for an infection in any part of the urinary system.

A UTI could involve infection in your urethra (urethritis), kidneys (pyelonephritis), or bladder (cystitis). Owing to their anatomy, women have higher chances of getting a UTI than men. Repeat infections among women are also common. However, this has only made the knowledge about the condition and its available treatment more widespread.

Taking a leaf out of the widely available knowledge, here are the types of UTI

1. Cystitis

Cystitis refers to a bacterial infection in your bladder. Symptomatically, one feels the need to pee a lot, or one may also complain of pain while peeing. Lower belly pain and cloudy or bloody urine are also some of the other symptoms of cystitis. Your bladder stores the urine before it is expelled out of your body through the urethra.

An infection in the bladders can result from wiping from back to front after using the bathroom, inserting a tampon, and using a diaphragm for birth control. Pregnancy or menopause are also attributed to causing an infection of the bladder.

2. Pyelonephritis

Referring to an infection in your kidneys, pyelonephritis can cause fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and pain in your upper back or side. While both can get a kidney infection, women are prone to have more complaints of kidney infections than men are. The risk factors of getting a kidney infection are quite similar to those stated for bladder infection; however, there are a few more serious causes of concern in addition to those mentioned earlier. A blockage in your urinary tract, nerve damage in your bladder, and weakened immunity.

3. Urethritis

Urethritis refers to an infection or inflammation of the ureters, the tubes that carry urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Pain or burning sensation while peeing is a characteristic symptom of urethritis. The transfer of infection-causing bacteria from the skin around the urethral opening to the urethra is the main cause of such an infection. This transfer of bacteria is usually due to one of the two underlying causes—sexually transmitted diseases and wiping from back to front after using the bathroom.

Treatment

Most commonly, your treating doctor will prescribe a course of over-the-counter or OTC UTI meds to treat your UTI. Combining the course with proper hydration is always recommended. Furthermore, one must be very mindful of completing the course of antibiotics for the prescribed number of days even if you begin recuperating much before.

Apart from OTC UTI meds, here are some alternative medications that you may consider—probiotics, boric acid suppositories, pure cranberry juice, and d-mannose supplements.

• Probiotics help regain the lost balance of microscopic flora in the vagina.

• Boric acid suppositories keep your vaginal pH balanced, thereby prohibiting bad infection-causing bacteria from multiplying, improving your vaginal health, and keeping you protected.

• D-mannose is a natural supplement that contributes to a healthy urinary tract and bladder. The naturally occurring sugar, D-mannose, flushes out bacteria from the urinary tract.

• Pure cranberry juice, which is bitter, is also useful in preventing and treating UTIs. The red berry contains a tannin that may prevent infection-causing bacteria from sticking to the walls of your bladder, where they can cause an infection.

Hygienic practices such as wiping from the front to back after using the bathroom, staying away from feminine hygiene sprays, cleaning your genital area regularly, and peeing after sex to flush out any bacteria that may have entered are all helpful practices that prevent UTIs.

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